Digestive affections are common today, and even if we don’t want those, we need to be prepared for the moments when they appear. Digestive problems are at the base of throwing up blood, and by fighting the causes, the effects will disappear. Throwing up blood causes usually means that the superior digestive system is affected. Gastric erosions are associated with indigestion, and ulcers can also be the cause for some serious problems. One quarter of the patients that throw up blood suffer from ulcer, but there might be some other causes. This is why it is important to determine the cause, and to start the treatment as soon as possible.
Throwing up blood causes is usually the sign of digestive problems. Bleeding comes from the superior part of the digestive system. It can appear because of many diseases, and its gravity is different from one case to the other. It has a dark red color, and but it can also be of a dark brown color like the coffee mud. The most frequent causes are inflammations and infections, and also gastritis.
The frequency of throwing up blood is different, as well as the quantity. It depends on the source of bleeding. The persons that bleed severely might observe larger quantities of blood. If it continues, other symptoms like dizziness, faint or breathing problems might appear.
Usually, people that suffer from this condition need to be hospitalized, and they might also need blood transfusion.
The diagnosis of superior digestive hemorrhage is put in three stages:
– It is determined that the hemorrhage is the cause for the problems
– The gravity of the situation is established
– The objective examination of the patient allows establishing a treatment
The patient must relate about personal history, or about cases of hepatitis in his family.
The investigations must include hematocrites, hemoglobin, and trombocytes. It is necessary to evaluate the morphology of erythrocytes. The hematocryte and the erythrocytes determine the real deficit of blood concentration, and then the cause of the hemorrhage is established, even if it stopped.
In the case of the superior digestive hemorrhage, the blood group must be established. In some cases, the urinary system might be to blame for the hemorrhage.
The x-ray of the abdomen is rarely useful in establishing a diagnosis, expecting the causes in which a perforation is assumed. When the blood hemorrhage is stopped, the doctor can establish its source with the digestive endoscopy.
The treatment is mainly based on two factors:
1. Reviving the vital functions of the body
2. Stopping the hemorrhage
We can also add the pathogenic treatment of the disease. The medical treatment means to equilibrate the functions of the stomach. The patient will be laid on his back, with the superior members lifted. This way, the vital functions of the body will be monitored easily.
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